...management should be directed at the interaction of the parts and not the actions of the parts taken separately
Russell L. Ackoff
In trying to explain this idea, Vincent Barabba, formerly of General Motors, says this:
"In this systems approach, the parts by themselves are meaningless – indeed, they cannot provide value –- outside their interaction with all the others.
In a systems approach .... decision support systems that pump a free flow of contextual knowledge and understanding – not just data – into a series of networked dialogues that take place continuously across the functions within the firm, as well as between the enterprise and its extended alliances which includes the ultimate consumers of its products and services."